The names of the last 4 months of the modern English calendar
are not derived from proper nouns in Latin,
but instead formed by appending the endings of
to the indeclina
ble cardinal numbers.
What native speakers of English think of as “names of months”
originated as (apparently special) ordinal adjectives to distinguish
months of the Roman year,
as reckoned from the ancient status of
as the 1st
That numbering became obsolete more than 2 millennia ago,
during centuries of revisions and
to the Roman calendar,
as it was transformed from 10 months in ancient times,
by which Rome's year had been left
approximately 9 weeks short of a complete circuit of the Sun,
to 12 months, opening with
Even in classical Rome,
authors famous for Latin were already
using those adjectives as substantives
when other words allowed it to be inferred.
endings continued to be used,
to agree with the gender of the noun being omitted.[+]
Cf. dates in the texts of papal writings,
via the links in bulleted items under
for more modern and accessible examples of dates
written in fluent Latin,
e.g.: Pope Pius V in his bull
There is no county
from which the city
needs to be distinguished.
Unlike, e.g., Silicon Valley's
(official wording of its name),
a municipality within
the “County of
(official wording of its name)
Santa Clara also has an eponymous private university,
the state's first to open its doors to students.
It was founded by Jesuits (1851)
on the grounds of the Franciscan Mission
Santa Clara de Asís
as they survived the Mexican
More than a quarter-century ago,
that university changed its official name to
Santa Clara University
from its previously official names as
the “Santa Clara College” (1851--1912)
of Santa Clara
This was not to restore a Latin-friendly appositive name,
but to avoid continuing confusion of its
with the more widely known parvenue
(opened in 1880)
down in southern California.
Readers from the Deep South might be pleased to learn that the
of South Carolina
trumps both the above Left Coast claimants
to the abbreviation U.S.C.
having been founded in 1801,
and in 1865, amid the devastation of Gen. Sherman's March to the Sea,
having been reëstablished & expanded into a university
by the state's General Assembly,
assigning it the postbellum
that established the primacy
of its claim
to the initials U.S.C.
But the webmaster digresses.